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Caryophyllene Terpene

Caryophyllene Terpene: Strains, Effects, and Benefits

In today's Terpene series, we take a look at a rather unique terpene – Caryophyllene. We discuss:

  • What is Caryophyllene terpene?
  • What flavor is it?
  • Effects and benefits of the cannabis terpene Beta-Caryophyllene
  • Caryophyllene - Terpenes against anxiety
  • What does Caryophyllene terpene do?
  • Where is Caryophyllene found?
  • Which strains are rich in Caryophyllene?

With more insights into the inner workings of cannabis and its compounds, the community is paying more attention to terpenes, the molecular combinations responsible for the plant's variety of aromas and effects.

In this part of our series, we will talk about an exciting topic – the Caryophyllene terpene.

What is Caryophyllene Terpene? What flavor is it?

Caryophyllene (pronounced ˌkærioʊˈfɪliːn / ka-riou-fai-len), formerly known as Beta-Caryophyllene or β-Caryophyllene, is a terpene found in numerous essential oils. Its chemical formula is C15H24.

Cannabis strains with a high Caryophyllene content often have this musky and spicy aroma with robust peppery notes.

Effects and Benefits of the Cannabis Terpene Beta-Caryophyllene

Our body is influenced by cannabinoids through the Endocannabinoid System, with two main receptors CB1 and CB2. They allow us to feel the effects and benefits of cannabinoids like THC, CBD, CBN, and so on. CB1 receptors are found in the brain and throughout the body, while CB2 receptors are mainly in the immune and gastrointestinal system.

Caryophyllene is unique in the way it acts like cannabinoids – it activates CB2 receptors, thus providing its benefits to the system. Since it doesn't interact with CB1 receptors, it has no psychoactive effects.

The latter essentially means that one can receive all potential health benefits without side effects, making this terpene a popular subject of study.

Caryophyllene - Terpenes Against Anxiety

It has been found and reported that Caryophyllene helps in pain management, cramps, anxiety, depression, and even Alzheimer's and alcoholism. In the latter case, it reduces alcohol consumption.

It has also shown potential in combating sleep disorders and has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.

What Does Caryophyllene Terpene Do?

Caryophyllene is responsible for a range of aromas in cannabis and other plants – earthy, spicy, and herbal notes are the result of its presence. It's also one of the responsible for the pungent diesel smells we associate with cannabis.

Caryophyllene is used as a natural food additive, flavoring, and enhancer and is approved.

It also has preservative properties used in beer, and due to its taste and potential benefits, it's a common component in various topical products.

Where is Caryophyllene Found?

Apart from cannabis, significant amounts of Caryophyllene can be found in the following plants or more precisely their essential oils: black pepper, hops, oregano (no wonder fraudsters often use it as a substitute for marijuana), cloves, basil, rosemary, cinnamon, and more.